The Venice Biennale as a global platform for contemporary art holds particular symbolic value for participating nations as it provides a unique opportunity of experimentation and expression. National participation has always been an essential aspect, where nations and their artists are encouraged to express their national identity. Since the Biennale’s commencement in 1985 it has born witness to avant-garde trends and movements. The most recent Biennale in 2011is the largest to date, with 89 participating countries. Out of the 89 participating nations, the countries of France, the United States, India, South Africa and Egypt, distinguished their pavilion’s according to their nation’s national agenda while maintaining the essence of the Biennale and its devotion to modernism.